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History and Name of the Azov Sea

Azov Sea history of occurrence

Various Names of the Azov Sea

The Azov Sea got its modern name somewhere in the middle of the thirteenth century - its name comes from the name of the ancient trading center Azak, which was built on the site of ancient Tanais, which was once destroyed by the Golden Horde. Due to its geographical position - the peoples inhabiting its shores were constantly changing - the Azov Sea changed a large number of names in the past.

The Scythians called the Azov Sea Kargulak - rich in fish, the Meots called Timirinda - the mother of the sea, the ancient Greeks called it Meotida - the nurse, the ancient Romans called the Azov Sea Palus Meotis - the Meotian swamp, the Arabs - Bahr-el-Azov, the Venetians and Genoese - Mare Fane, and the Slavs - Blue or Surozh.

Current State of the Azov Sea

The Azov Sea acquired its modern form about a million years ago, during the Tertiary period, around the time when the first man appeared on earth, until that time this territory was the bottom of the pra-ocean. Then certain geological changes took place and islands appeared in the ocean, which are currently mountain ranges - the Caucasus, the Crimea, the Carpathians.

Gradually, the islands connected with each other, forming huge basins, one of which included the Aral, Caspian, Azov Seas and the entire southern part of Ukraine. In the future, with the course of mining changes, this region acquired its current shape - the bottom of the Azov Sea has risen, which determined its shallow water and all the features associated with it.